The Nuremberg process (November 20, 1945 – October 1, 1946) – the first international trial in history that ruled aggression was the gravest crime. The tribunal punished as criminals the state figures guilty of preparing, unleashing and waging aggressive wars, justly and deservedly punishing the organizers and perpetrators of the criminal plans to exterminate millions of innocent people, subdue and expose to genocide entire nations, and the organizers of the Holocaust.
The history of international criminal law started from the Nuremberg process. The principles fixed in the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal were soon confirmed by decisions of the UN General Assembly as generally recognized principles of international law. The International Military Tribunal, by its guilty verdict passed down to key Nazi criminals, recognized aggression as the gravest international crime.
The Nuremberg process was followed by a trial of Japanese military criminals in Tokyo.
In postwar years, the deserved punishment in many European countries was given to Nazis’ associates guilty of killing civilians, torturing and victimizing concentration camp prisoners.