THE CZECHOSLOVAK CORPS
In late 1941, the organization of the first separate Czechoslovakian unit on Soviet territory began.
On January 30, 1943, the battalion was sent to the front near Kharkov, where, under the command of Ludvik Svoboda, it received a “baptism of fire” at Sokolovo.
A brigade, and later the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps, was formed on the basis of the battalion. In the fall of 1944, the Czechoslovak Corps entered the territory of Czechoslovakia where it continued fighting until victory.
On May 10, 1945, the Czechoslovak Corps entered Prague on Soviet tanks. From June 1945, the formation of the Czechoslovak People’s Army started on the basis of the corps.
POLAND’S TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO DIVISION
In 1943, with assistance from the Soviet government, the Union of Polish Patriots formed the Polish 1st Tadeusz Kosciuszko Infantry Division on Soviet territory.
August 1943 saw the start of the formation of the Polish corps that expanded in March 1944 into the Polish First Army.
On July 21, 1944, the Polish First Army and rebel Armia Ludowa (People’s Army) united into Wojsko Polskie (Polish Armed Forces).
In summer 1944, the Polish Army, together with Soviet troops, entered Polish territory.
By early 1945, the Polish Armed Forces had some 300,000 soldiers. Together with Red Army units, the army took part in the Battle of Berlin, and then participated in the liberation of Czechoslovakia.