Finding themselves under Nazi occupation, the European nations continued fighting against the common enemy inside the ranks of the Resistance movement. Hotbeds of ideological and armed resistance started to appear in France, Poland, on occupied Soviet territories, in Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Norway, Denmark, Greece, Albania, as well as in Nazi bloc states – Germany, Austria, Italy, Romania, Hungary and Finland. An armed struggle against aggressors in China, as well as in the Philippines, Indochina, Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaya reached an enormous scale.
The U.S.S.R. actively contributed to partisan warfare against the Nazis not only on its own territory occupied by the enemy, but also in other European countries. Soviet aid was given to those who fought fascism in Poland, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Bulgaria. Besides, thousands of Soviet prisoners of war who escaped from concentration camps joined armed detachments of rebels in Western Europe – in France, Italy, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
La France Combattante, a movement established on General De Gaulle’s initiative, became a key center of anti-Nazi struggle against occupants in France. Some 300,000 fighters of La France Combattante participated in the Allied landing in Normandy.
Up to 80,000 partisans acted in Yugoslavia by the end of 1941. They liberated nearly the entire country’s territory. Heroic uprisings in Warsaw and Paris in summer 1944 made history.