LIBERATION OF MANCHURIA, August 1945DEFEAT OF JAPAN’S LAND FORCES IN CHINA AND KOREA
History and Modernity
Great Patriotic War
Alexei Vasilevsky, commander of Soviet troops in the Far East, Marshal of the Soviet Union: “The Transbaikal Front troops were advancing along a rough terrain. The enemy did not suppose that the Soviet troops would be able to cover hundreds of kilometers in the roughest conditions in a week’s time. The failure of the Kwantung Army sped up Japan’s surrender in general. The end to the war in the Far East saved hundreds of thousands of American and British soldiers from death as well as saved millions of Japanese nationals from an innumerable toll and suffering...”
Japan’s most important land force – the more than 1 million-strong Kwantung Army – was located in northeastern China and on the Korean peninsula.
Soviet troops prevented the Kwantung Army from falling back to Japanese islands and joining troops deployed there to resist Allied forces.
Completing the defeat of the Japanese aggressors in China, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R., together with Korean partisans, contributed to the liberation of Korea.
On August 27, 1945, American forces started landing in Japan and did not meet any serious resistance. Soon they completed the disarmament of the Japanese forces.