The Sons of the Transcaucasus on the Fronts of the Great Patriotic War
History and Modernity
Great Patriotic War
The 2015 Victory Parade will involve not only servicemen from Russia, but also from Armenia, Serbia and Mongolia.
History saw a surprising fact – the military feat of the Armenian village of Chardakhlu. The village’s 1,250 residents left for the front; 853 of them were awarded with orders and medals, 452 fell in battle. The village gave their Motherland two marshals – Ivan Bagramyan and Amazasp Babadzhanyan, four Heroes of the Soviet Union, and many senior command officers...
While unfolding the aggression against the Soviet Union, Hitler’s strategists hoped that its nations, especially from the Caucasus, would not support the central authority and would thus ensure an easy victory for Germany. But they were mistaken.
The country’s citizens, regardless of nationality and faith, stood as one to fight the invaders. They displayed true heroism, as well as bravery and selflessness.
The enemy faced an unprecedented consolidation and unity of the Soviet nations. This turned out the most powerful and decisive weapon that made it possible to stop and defeat the Nazi aggressor...
Armenia was one of the least populated republics; its population before the war was a mere 1.5 million people. But still the Red Army accepted over 500,000 republic residents. Half of them did not return home.
In the beginning of the war (from June 1941 to January 1942), the Red Army saw the establishment of ethnic military formations. Six combined arms divisions were formed from Armenian soldiers. Many Armenians fought in the 31st, 61st and 320th Rifle Divisions, in the 28th and 38th Reserve Brigades and units.
Combined arms Armenian generals made up a large group among military commanders in the Red Army. Here are only a few names: Artillery Colonel General M. Parsegov, Artillery Lieutenant General A. Yeloyan, Armor Lieutenant General V. Temruchi (Damruchan), Air Force Lt. Gen. S. Mikoyan, Medical Service Lt. Gen. A. Burnazyan, Air Force Col. Gen. S. Sardarov, Medical Service Col. Gen. L. Orbeli, Ground Forces Col. Gen. Kh. Ambaryan and many others.
More than 60 Armenian military commanders directly took part in commanding operations on all war fronts. The most outstanding of them include Marshal of the Soviet Union Ivan Bagramyan (1897-1982), Air Force Marshal Sergei Khudyakov (Armenak Khamferyants) (1902-1950), Armor Marshal Amazasp Babadzhanyan (1906-1977), Fleet Admiral Ivan Isaakov (Ovanes Isaakyan) (1894-1967).
Outstanding ground attack pilot of the Baltic Fleet, twice Hero of the Soviet Union Nelson Stepanyan distinguished himself in battles near Leningrad.
More than 400,000 Azerbaijanis were awarded with combat orders and medals, 123 soldiers are Heroes of the Soviet Union, 14 are full holders of the Order of Glory.
Senior Sergeant Israfil Mamedov, a deputy platoon commander of the 42nd Rifle Regiment, was the first among Azerbaijanis to receive the title of Hero. The group of fighters he led on December 3, 1941, accepted a battle near the village of Pustynka near Novgorod, repelled four attacks of the enemy’s superior forces, entered a close fight and held the position.
Also among the Heroes is Kafur Mamedov, a messenger of the company commander of the 323rd Separate Marine Battalion, who distinguished himself in battles to the northwest of Tuapse: he destroyed 13 enemy assault riflemen and a mortar crew and died shielding the company commander with his body.
There was also Mamed Magerramov, squad commander of the 933rd Rifle Regiment, who was the first to force the Dnieper on the night of October 2, 1943, near the village of Kreshchatik. And there was Guards Sergeant Gerai Asadov, rifle file of the 281st Guards Regiment, who repeated the feat of Alexander Matrosov in battles for the Romanian city of Marghita...
A total of 87 battalions and 1,123 self-defense detachments were established in Azerbaijan; the 77th, 223rd, 396th, 402nd and 416th national Rifle Divisions were formed; they marched with battles from the Caucasus foothills to the Baltics, Eastern Europe and Berlin.
During the years of the war, many talented Azerbaijani military commanders won glory. Their number includes twice Hero of the Soviet Union, commander of the 35th Armor Brigade, Guards Maj. Gen. Azi Aslanov, who received the first Star in battles for Stalingrad.
The sons and daughters of the Georgian people made a considerable contribution to the Great Victory as well. Thousands of Georgian patriots voluntarily joined the Red Army and enlisted in the militia. Defense construction started, too. Over 43,000 people worked daily on the defensive lines in late 1941.
Several hundred thousand soldiers left for the front.
The 46th Army and more than 20 formations and military units, as well as 12 Alpine detachments and 79 fighter battalions were formed on the republic’s territory. All of them played a large role in the defense of the Caucasus.
Georgians participated in all battles of the war. Many of them fought inside partisan detachments, were fighters of the Resistance Movement. It’s also worth remembering that Russian Mikhail Yegorov and Georgian Meliton Kantariya fixed the Victory Banner above the Reichstag in May 1945.
For nations of the Caucasus, just as the entire Soviet Union, who fought in the common ranks, Nazism was the common enemy, and each of them made their contribution to the Victory.