STALINGRAD, November 1942THE DEFEAT OF NAZIS NEAR STALINGRAD DESTINED THE FURTHER COURSE OF THE WAR
History and Modernity
Great Patriotic War
After heavy fighting in spring and summer 1942, the Red Army was forced to retreat to the east. Hitler’s troops concentrated their key forces on the southeastern direction, aiming to attack the city of Stalingrad (modern-day Volgograd) on the western bank of the Volga River.
The grueling fight for each street and every house lasted three months, but the German troops failed to completely take the city under control. The Soviet command pulled in considerable forces, and on November 19, 1942, the Red Army started an offensive as part of Operation Uranus. A selected German group found itself surrounded and was forced to surrender on February 2, 1943.
Following the Battle of Stalingrad, overall Nazi losses (killed, wounded and taken prisoner) exceeded 1,500,000 people.
George VI, British King: “It was the unyielding resistance of Stalingrad that turned the tide and heralded the crushing blows which have struck dismay into the foes of civilization and freedom. To mark the profound admiration felt by myself and the peoples of the British Empire, I have given commands for the preparation of a Sword of Honor, which it would give me pleasure to present to the city of Stalingrad.”
In October-November 1942, near El-Alamein, British troops commanded by Montgomery defeated the North African Italian-German grouping. Along with the U.S. Navy’s victory at Midway in June 1942, these battles marked a major turning point in the war.